|By law, tequila can only be
in Mexico from blue agave plants raised in the states of Jalisco, Nayarit,
Guanajuato, Michoacan and Tamaulipas in order to be called
||Categories of Tequila
By Mexican law, there are four categories of tequila:
Blanco. Also known as white, silver, or plata, this tequila is bottled
without aging and has a smooth, herbaceous and almost peppery flavor.
Joven Abocado. Also called gold, this is an unaged blanco with
flavoring or coloring added, usually with caramel.
Reposado. Sometimes called gold, this tequila is
aged a minimum of two
months, often in oak casks, and usually has a more mellow character
than a blanco.
Anejo. Aged a minimum of one year, these premium tequilas have a
smooth, elegant flavor like a fine cognac. Not to be used in margaritas
or shots; sip from a glass to enjoy its subtleties.
While there are thousands of agave farms around Jalisco, most agave is
purchased and grown exclusively for tequila makers large and small.
Harvested agave is sent to more than 100 distilleries making more than
900 brands of tequila in Mexico. Because there are a limited number of
distilleries, many brands of tequila come from the same location.
The best tequila is made from agave harvested at a maturity of 8 to 12
years. The harvest is steamed in ovens for up to 72 hours before being
cooled and shredded to extract the juice. The juice is then fermented
with yeast for up to 8 days.
aka mescal, this beverage is
made from the maguey plant, a form of agave native to Mexico. The
word mezcal derives from a native phrase meaning 'oven cooked agave.'
Most mezcal is made in Oaxaca, Mexico.
Unlike tequila, most mezcal is distilled by
in small Mexican villages who have been mashing it by horse and wheel
for hundreds of years.
As a marketing gimic, some mezcals from Oaxaca are con gusano, with a
worm in the bottle. The worm is actually the larval form of the moth
Hypopta agavis that lives on the agave plant.
Unlike tequila, mezcal can be made from a variety of agave plants. The
distillation process involves crushing the agave hearts using a
traditional millstone, after roasting them in earthen pits –
giving it a signature smoky, smooth flavor.
Tequilas labeled "100% Blue Agave" are generally better than blends
with a lower percentage. To be called tequila, this liquor must contain
at least 51% blue agave; sugarcane is the most commonly used blend
Oro is the Spanish word for gold, but oro tequila does not equate to
being the best.
Tequilas in this category must have 51% blue agave, with the remaining
49% composed of corn syrup or sugar cane. Oro producers often add
coloring and flavors to their product, but it usually lacks a strong
agave flavor. Because it uses non-agave
sugars, oro tequila is sometimes called mixtos.
Dos Lunas Tequila
Dulce Vida Tequila
El Tesoro tequila
La Primo de Pancho
|Maestro Dobel Tequila
Sol de Mexico Tequila
Tequila Don Weber
By law, tequila can only be made from Agave tequilana 'Weber Blue,' a
cultivar named after a French military physician and part-time botanist
who was sent to Mexico under Napoleon III. He was the first to describe
the plant in botanical literature.
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